The sum of Diagonals of a Matrix in Java

In this post, you will learn how to write a program to calculate the Sum of Diagonals of a Matrix in Java. To calculate the sum of both diagonals of a square matrix in Java, you can follow these steps:

  1. Initialize a square matrix with values.
  2. Iterate through the matrix to calculate the sums of both diagonals.
  3. Print the Matrix and the sums of the diagonals.

Here’s the Java program to achieve this with an explanation:

package com.javacodepoint.array.multidimensional;

public class DiagonalSumOfMatrix {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// Initialize a square matrix (3x3 in this example)
		int[][] matrix = { { 1, 2, 3 }, { 4, 5, 6 }, { 7, 8, 9 } };

		// Calculate the sums of both diagonals
		int primaryDiagonalSum = 0;
		int secondaryDiagonalSum = 0;

		// The number of rows (assuming it's a square matrix)
		int n = matrix.length;

		for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
			// Sum of the primary diagonal (top-left to bottom-right)
			primaryDiagonalSum += matrix[i][i];

			// Sum of the secondary diagonal (top-right to bottom-left)
			secondaryDiagonalSum += matrix[i][n - 1 - i];
		// Print the Matrix
		for (int[] row : matrix) {
			for (int value : row) {
				System.out.print(value + " ");

		// Print the sums of both diagonals
		System.out.println("Sum of the Primary Diagonal: " + primaryDiagonalSum);
		System.out.println("Sum of the Secondary Diagonal: " + secondaryDiagonalSum);


1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9
Sum of the Primary Diagonal: 15
Sum of the Secondary Diagonal: 15


  1. We start by initializing a square matrix matrix with sample values. This matrix is a 3×3 matrix in this example.
  2. We declare two variables, primaryDiagonalSum and secondaryDiagonalSum, to store the sums of the primary and secondary diagonals, respectively. These variables are initialized to 0.
  3. We use a for loop to iterate through the matrix. The loop runs from 0 to n-1, where n is the number of rows in the matrix (assuming it’s a square matrix).
  4. Inside the loop, we update primaryDiagonalSum by adding the value of the element at position [i][i], which corresponds to the elements on the primary diagonal from top-left to bottom-right.
  5. We update secondaryDiagonalSum by adding the value of the element at position [i][n - 1 - i], which corresponds to the elements on the secondary diagonal from top-right to bottom-left.
  6. Finally, we print the Matrix and the sums of both diagonals.

See also: Find the Transpose of a Matrix | Search Matrix | Symmetric Matrix Program

Java logical programs list

Java Basic Programs

Java Programs based on the Collection Framework

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